alexa Monitoring pollution in Tunisian coasts: application of a classification scale based on biochemical markers.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development

Author(s): Banni M

Abstract Share this page

Over the past decade, molecular, biochemical and cellular markers have been extensively used in pollution monitoring of aquatic environments. Biochemical markers have been selected among early molecular events occurring in the toxicological mechanisms of main contaminants. This paper assesses the marine environment quality along the Tunisian coasts using a statistical approach. Clams (Ruditapes decussatus) were collected during the four seasons of 2003 on seven different sites from the Tunisian coasts. Oxidative stress was evaluated in gills using catalase activity (Cat), neutral lipids and malonedialdehyde accumulation. Glutathione S-transferase activity is related to the conjugation of organic compounds and was evaluated in both, gills and digestive glands. Acetylcholinesterase activity was evaluated as the biomarker of exposure to organophosphorous, carbamate pesticides and heavy metals. For each biomarker, a discriminatory factor was calculated and a response index allocated. For each site, a global response index was calculated as the sum of the response index of each biomarker. Discriminant analysis shows significant differences between sites and seasons compared with control sample. Faroua (site 1) and Menzel Jemile (site 2) seem to be the less polluted with respect to the other sites for all seasons. Gargour (site 6) shows the highest Multimarker Pollution Index during the four seasons, indicating higher contamination level.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in Biomarkers and referenced in Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version