Author(s): Mann AC, Record CO, Self CH, Turner GA
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Abstract Liver damage through prolonged intake of high amounts of alcohol is a serious problem that affects many members of the population. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the glycosylation of haptoglobin (Hp) resulting from alcoholic liver diseases. The monosaccharide composition was measured in Hp isolated from 48 healthy individuals, 15 alcohol abusers (AA); 25 patients with alcoholic liver disease, including those with alcoholic cirrhosis (ALD/AC), and 17 other patients with either chronic active hepatitis (AH) or primary biliary cirrhosis (BC). Fucose was elevated per mol of Hp in 70\%, 44\%, and 33\% of the individuals in the ALD/AC, BC and AA groups, respectively. Fucose was not elevated in the AH group. N-acetylglucosamine was also elevated in the ALD/AC group. Expressing results per 3 mol of mannose suggested the presence of higher branching with increased fucose content in Hp from all the abnormal groups except the AH group. More structural information is required to develop the diagnostic potential of carbohydrate measurements of Hp in alcoholic liver diseases.
This article was published in Clin Chim Acta
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics