alexa Morphologic and morphometric studies of muscle in idiopathic scoliosis.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Spine

Author(s): Sahgal V, Shah A, Flanagan N, Schaffer M, Kane W,

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Abstract The gluteus maximus and paraspinal muscles in 15 cases of idiopathic scoliosis at the apex of the curve showed myopathic changes and a significant decrease in the type II fibers. Fiber type II atrophy was observed only on the concave side. Ultrastructure of paraspinal and gluteus muscle biopsies showed disruption of myofilaments, Z band streaming and subsarcolemmal accumulation of glycogen, lipid and mitochondria. Quantitative estimation of these subcellular organelles pointed out that a higher glycogen content was significant in both paraspinal as well as the gluteus muscles while a higher mitochondrial content was significant only on the convex side and the gluteus muscle but not the concave side of the apex when compared to normal quadriceps muscle. These findings suggest that idiopathic scoliosis is a diffuse disease process and may be considered a primary muscle disease.
This article was published in Acta Orthop Scand and referenced in Journal of Spine

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