Author(s): Kucia M, Halasa M, Wysoczynski M, BaskiewiczMasiuk M, Moldenhawer S,
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Abstract Recently, we purified from adult murine bone marrow (BM) a population of CXCR4(+), Oct-4(+) SSEA-1(+), Sca-1(+) lin(-) CD45(-) very small embryonic-like (VSEL) stem cells and hypothesized that similar cells could be also present in human cord blood (CB). Here, we report that by employing a novel two-step isolation procedure -- removal of erythrocytes by hypotonic lysis combined with multiparameter sorting -- we could isolate from CB a population of human cells that are similar to murine BM-derived VSELs, described previously by us. These CB-isolated VSELs (CB-VSEL) are very small (3-5 micro m) and highly enriched in a population of CXCR4(+)AC133(+)CD34(+)lin(-) CD45(-) CB mononuclear cells, possess large nuclei containing unorganized euchromatin and express nuclear embryonic transcription factors Oct-4 and Nanog and surface embryonic antigen SSEA-4. Further studies are needed to see if human CB-isolated VSELs similar to their murine BM-derived counterparts are endowed with pluripotent stem cell properties.
This article was published in Leukemia
and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research