alexa Morphology and interference color in spherulite of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) copolyester with bulky linking pendent group.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering

Author(s): Chen HB, Chen L, Zhang Y, Zhang JJ, Wang YZ

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Abstract A novel phosphorus-containing copolyester (PTTP), poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) copolyester with a bulky linking pendent group of 9,10-dihydro-10-[2,3-di(hydroxycarbonyl) propyl]-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DDP) was prepared, and its crystallization, crystal morphology and interference color were investigated in this article for the first time. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) results showed that with the increase of DDP content, the melting point (T(m)) and crystallization ability of PTTP decreased. WAXD results suggests that the three samples share one crystal structure, however the crystallinity decreases with increasing DDP content. Polarized optical microscope (POM) observation indicated that the samples showed non-banded spherulites at a lower and higher temperature, and banded spherulites at the middle temperature range. From the micrographs obtained from scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), ringed patterns with many defects could be found for samples with higher DDP contents, which crystallized at a lower temperature, and a transformation from square-shaped spherulites to circular spherulites was noted for samples with higher DDP contents, which crystallized at a higher temperature. The interference color of the spherulites was also studied and it was shown that with the increase of film thickness or decrease of DDP content, the spherulites became more colorful under POM observation, indicating that the hindering effect and randomness caused by incorporating the DDP monomer with a bulky pendent group into the PTT molecular chain exhibited a negative influence on the molecular mobility and crystallization ability of the copolyester, and led to the formation of the defective band morphology and the less colorful interference color of the PTTP spherulites. This article was published in Phys Chem Chem Phys and referenced in Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering

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