Author(s): Forster MC, Calthorpe D
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Abstract Although the number of centenarians in our population is increasing, mortality rates following hip fracture in this group of patients has not yet been reported. The medical records of a consecutive series of 13 centenarians with proximal femoral fractures who presented to the Derbyshire Royal Infirmary over a 20 year period were retrospectively reviewed. The majority of patients were female (M:F 2:11) and had suffered intertrochanteric fractures. The recorded incidence of surgical complications was low. The mortality at 30 days, 6 months and 1 year were 31\%, 50\% and 56\%, respectively representing a 20\% increase in mortality at 1 year when compared to the expected mortality rates among their non-injured peers. When compared with over 1000 hip fracture patients of all ages in previous prospective studies, the centenarians in this series were found to have a significantly higher mortality during hospital admission (p<0.001) and at 1 year (p=0.002). The treatment of hip fractures in centenarians poses a challenge. Optimal anaesthesia, expeditious surgery and a co-ordinated multidisciplinary approach to care is essential in these patients.
This article was published in Injury
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research