alexa Most of diaplacentally transferred allergen is retained in the placenta.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Allergy & Therapy

Author(s): Szpfalusi Z, Loibichler C, HnelDekan S, Dehlink E, Gerstmayr M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Transplacental transfer of nutritive and inhalant allergens has been described being potentially responsible for a series of events leading to antigen-specific immune responses in the fetus. As such, cord blood T cell responses appear ubiquitously. However, studies failed to reveal a consistent dose-response relationship between antenatal allergen exposure and allergen-specific cellular reactivity in cord blood. OBJECTIVE: To examine the transfer process of allergens (ovalbumin (OVA), beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), birch pollen allergen Bet v1) in placental tissue (BeWo cell line, ex vivo placenta model). METHODS: The choriocarcinoma cell line BeWo was used to study the allergen uptake and transfer experiments in vitro. In the ex vivo placenta model the contribution of different placental compartments was evaluated. For this, immuno-histochemistry, immuno-electronmicroscopy and ELISA techniques were applied using monoclonal antibodies to Bet v1, OVA and -BLG. RESULTS: In vitro transfer studies on a BeWo cell-layer revealed an intracellular allergen uptake and a trans-trophoblastic allergen transfer, which was temperature- and concentration dependent, pH sensitive and asymmetric. Allergen-specific staining of placental tissue after allergen perfusion (BLG) demonstrated bulk of the allergen in the syncytio-trophoblastic cell layer and minor staining in the villous stroma and in the endothelium of fetal vessels. Immunogold staining revealed an accumulation of the perfused allergen in the trophoblastic basement membrane. CONCLUSION: In vitro/ex vivo trans-trophoblastic and trans-placental allergen transfer is shown with an accumulation of most of the allergen in placental tissues, potentially explaining the missing direct dose-response relationship between prenatal (maternal) allergen exposure and allergen-specific cellular reactivity in cord blood. This article was published in Clin Exp Allergy and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords