alexa Motivations that maintain substance use among individuals with psychotic disorders.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Spencer C, Castle D, Michie PT

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This study quantitatively examined reasons for substance use among individuals with psychotic disorders and explored the relationship of these reasons to substance use problems and dependence. Sixty-nine people with psychotic disorders were interviewed using a battery of questionnaires called the Substance Use Scale for Psychosis (SUSP). Symptoms and medication side effects were also measured. A factor analysis revealed similar motives for substance use (mostly alcohol and cannabis use) as in the general population: "enhancement," "social motives," "coping with unpleasant affect," and "conformity and acceptance." A fifth factor, "relief of positive symptoms and side effects," demonstrated limited reliability. "Coping" and "enhancement" motives were found to lead to substance use problems and dependence. Mediator analysis indicated that worse symptoms lead to stronger motives for substance use, which in turn lead to stronger psychological dependence on that substance. These findings have the potential to inform effective treatment for substance use in psychosis.
This article was published in Schizophr Bull and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version