Author(s): AsselinPaturel C, Brizard G, Pin JJ, Brire F, Trinchieri G
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Abstract We report in this study the generation of a novel rat mAb that recognizes mouse plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC). This Ab, named 120G8, stains a small subset of CD11c(low) spleen cell with high specificity. This population produces high amounts of IFN-alpha upon in vitro viral stimulation. Both ex vivo- and in vitro-derived 120G8(+) cells display a phenotype identical with that of the previously described mouse pDC (B220(high)Ly6C(high)Gr1(low)CD11b(-)CD11c(low)). Mice treated with 120G8 mAb are depleted of B220(high)Ly6C(high)CD11c(low) cells and have a much-reduced ability to produce IFN-alpha in response to in vivo CpG stimulation. The mAb 120G8 stains all and only B220(high)Ly6C(high)CD11c(low) pDC in all lymphoid organs. Immunohistochemical studies performed with this mAb indicate that pDC are located in the T cell area of spleen, lymph nodes, and Peyer's patches. Although the Ag recognized by 120G8 is not yet known, we show that its expression is up-regulated by type I IFN on B cells and DC. Using this mAb in immunofluorescence studies demonstrates strain- and organ-specific differences in the frequency of pDC and other DC subsets. 129Sv mice have a much higher frequency of pDC, together with a lower frequency of conventional CD8alpha(+)CD11c(high) DC, compared with C57BL/6 mice, both in spleen and blood. The higher ability of 129Sv mice to produce IFN-alpha in vivo is related to a higher number of pDC, but also to a higher ability of pDC from 129Sv mice to produce IFN-alpha in vitro in response to viral stimulation.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism