alexa Mouse T-lymphocyte activation by Urtica dioica agglutinin. II.--Original pattern of cell activation and cytokine production induced by UDA.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Le Moal MA, Colle JH, Galelli A, TruffaBachi P

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Abstract Urtica dioica agglutinin (UDA) is a T-lymphocyte-specific polyclonal activator that differs from ConA, the classical mouse T-cell mitogen, by inducing a late and limited proliferation of a distinct T-cell subset recruited among both CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes. We investigated the possibility that the particular kinetics may originate from UDA-specific activation processes in which the known early mandatory signals were completed only after an extended delay. We report that the time of contact required between lectin and the cell membrane to acquire the capacity to proceed into cell cycle was much longer (36-40 h) for UDA than for ConA (8-10 h). Addition of phorbol ester, which artificially induces PKC translocation, or ionomycin, which provokes Ca2+ mobilization, did not accelerate the proliferative kinetics, suggesting that these early mandatory signals are not the limiting factors in the delayed proliferation. The induction of c-myc was retarded in the UDA group, and there was a good correlation between the kinetics of c-myc induction and the kinetics of cell proliferation. The comparison of the level of transcription of the genes encoding different cytokines revealed additional differences between the two mitogens: the whole wave of cytokine gene expression was delayed with UDA. In particular, IL2, IL3 and IFN gamma gene expression was retarded compared to the ConA-induced single wave. An even later transcriptional wave took place at around 72 h for IL4 and IL5. Finally, this particular kinetics corresponded to an unusually high level of IL3 and IFN gamma and a low level of IL4 and IL5 gene transcripts.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Res Immunol and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

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