Author(s): Vogl TJ, Straub R, Zangos S, Mack MG, Eichler K
Abstract Share this page
Abstract MR-guided laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) is a percutaneous, minimally invasive treatment modality for treating liver lesions/metastases, soft tissue tumours and musculoskeletal lesions. In this group, MR-guided LITT is currently performed under local anaesthesia on an out-patient basis with a specially designed saline-cooled laser application system. Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm wave length) was used for tumour ablation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using both open and closed MR units has proven clinically effective in validating the exact positioning of optical fibres. It also allows for real time-monitoring of thermal effects and the evaluation of treatment-induced coagulation necrosis. In liver tumours, percutaneous MR-guided LITT achieves a local tumour control rate of 98.7\% at 3 months post-therapy and 97.3\% at 6 months with metastases smaller than 5 cm in diameter. The mean survival rate for 1259 patients with 3440 metastases treated with 14 694 laser applications at the institute (calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method) was 4.4 years (95\% confidence interval: 4.1-4.8 years) and median survival was 3.00 years. No statistically significant difference in survival rates was observed in patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer vs metastases from other primary tumours. The rate of clinically relevant side effects and complications requiring secondary treatment was 2.2\%. The clinical use of MR guided LITT (size < 5 cm, number < 5) is justified in patients with liver metastases of colorectal and/or breast cancers if the inclusion criteria are carefully observed. Further indications for MR guided LITT include recurrent cancer lesions in the head and neck, lung metastases and bone and soft tissue lesions.
This article was published in Int J Hyperthermia
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology