Author(s): Delfini R, Missori P, Iannetti G, Ciappetta P, Cantore G
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Abstract Twenty-eight patients received surgical treatment for a paranasal sinus mucocele with intracranial and/or intraorbital extension. The lesions were classified by site and extension: anterior without intracranial extension (Type 1), 7 patients; anterior with intracranial extension (Type 2), 11 patients; posterior midline without intracranial extension (Type 3), 5 patients; and posterior with intracranial extension (Type 4), 5 patients. The surgical approaches were: transnaso-orbital, transfrontonaso-orbital, transsphenoidal, transmaxillosphenoidal, and subfrontal transbasal; the choice depended on the site and extension of the lesion, with the aim of securing maximum exposure to ensure total removal of the lesion with its capsule. A transcranial approach was reserved for mucoceles possessing an intracranial extension or causing distension of the bone structures with optic pathway neurological symptoms. With a coronal or transfacial skin incision along the lines of the forehead, nose, and orbital muscles of expression and careful reconstruction, the patients' natural cast of features was spared or restored in a single operation.
This article was published in Neurosurgery
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology