Author(s): Ushijima K, Yahata H, Yoshikawa H, Konishi I, Yasugi T,
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Abstract PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of fertility-sparing treatment using medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) for endometrial carcinoma (EC) and atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AH) in young women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multicenter prospective study was carried out at 16 institutions in Japan. Twenty-eight patients having EC at presumed stage IA and 17 patients with AH at younger than 40 years of age were enrolled. All patients were given a daily oral dose of 600 mg of MPA with low-dose aspirin. This treatment continued for 26 weeks, as long as the patients responded. Histologic change of endometrial tissue was assessed at 8 and 16 weeks of treatment. Either estrogen-progestin therapy or fertility treatment was provided for the responders after MPA therapy. The primary end point was a pathologic complete response (CR) rate. Toxicity, pregnancy rate, and progression-free interval were secondary end points. RESULTS: CR was found in 55\% of EC cases and 82\% of AH cases. The overall CR rate was 67\%. Neither therapeutic death nor irreversible toxicities were observed; however, two patients had grade 3 body weight gain, and one patient had grade 3 liver dysfunction. During the 3-year follow-up period, 12 pregnancies and seven normal deliveries were achieved after MPA therapy. Fourteen recurrences were found in 30 patients (47\%) between 7 and 36 months. CONCLUSION: The efficacy of fertility-sparing treatment with a high-dose of MPA for EC and AH was proven by this prospective trial. Even in responders, however, close follow-up is required because of the substantial rate of recurrence.
This article was published in J Clin Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy