alexa Multi-drug resistance in commensal bacteria of food of animal origin in Uganda


Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

Author(s): Denis K Byarugaba, Roger Kisame, Susan Olet

Abstract Share this page

This study investigated the levels and patterns of antibiotic resistance in resistance- indicator bacteria; Escherichia coli and Enterococci of food of animal origin. Isolates were obtained from fecal samples collected from food animals (chickens, pigs, cattle, goats and sheep) and tested against selected panels of antibiotics. High resistance was observed for both Enterococci species and E. coli. Enterococciisolates showed high resistance against erythromycin (60.5%), gentamycin (58.9%) and tetracycline (46.8%) and lowest resistance against penicillin. E. coli isolates showed highest resistance against erythromycin (96.0%), tetracycline (61%) and ampicillin (55.3%), and showed least resistance to gentamycin (6.9%), ciprofloxacin (6.5%) and aztreonam (8.8%), and no resistance to meropenem. Comparison of resistance between E. coli and Enterococci isolates from the same animal hosts for different antibiotics indicated that resistance was significantly higher in E. coli (p < 0.05) for erythromycin, cotrimoxazole, and ampicillin than it was in Enterococci but it was significantly lower than in Enterococci for gentamycin, chloramphenicol and ciprofloxacin. Overall 35 and 46 percent of Enterococci and E. coli were resistant to five or more antibiotics, respectively. The high level of multi-drug resistance to clinically important antibiotics in commensal indicator bacteria is reservoir of a resistant gene pool that may spread resistance to pathogens in animals and has public health implications.

This article was published in African Journal of Microbiology Research and referenced in Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version