alexa Multidrug-resistant Salmonella typhi: a worldwide epidemic.


Internal Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Rowe B, Ward LR, Threlfall EJ, Rowe B, Ward LR, Threlfall EJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Since 1989, strains of Salmonella typhi resistant to chloramphenicol, ampicillin, and trimethoprim (i.e., multidrug-resistant [MDR] strains) have been responsible for numerous outbreaks in countries in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Africa. MDR strains have also been isolated with increasing frequency from immigrant workers in countries in the Arabian Gulf, as well as in developed countries from returning travelers. In all MDR strains so far examined, multiple resistance has been encoded by plasmids of the H1 incompatibility group. As a result of the widespread dissemination of such strains, chloramphenicol can no longer be regarded as the first-line drug for typhoid fever. Because strains are also resistant to ampicillin and trimethoprim, the efficacy of these antibiotics has also been impaired, and ciprofloxacin is now the drug of choice for typhoid fever. Chromosomally encoded resistance to ciprofloxacin has now been observed in a small number of strains isolated in the United Kingdom from patients returning from the Indian subcontinent, and in at least one case the patient did not respond to treatment with this antibiotic. It is regrettable that resistance to ciprofloxacin has now emerged in MDR S. typhi, and it is of paramount importance to limit the unnecessary use of this vital drug so that its efficacy should not be further jeopardized.
This article was published in Clin Infect Dis and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version