alexa Multiple drug resistance mechanisms in cancer.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Baguley BC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Multiple drug resistance (multidrug resistance; MDR), a phenomenon whereby human tumours that acquire resistance to one type of therapy are found to be resistant to several other drugs that are often quite different in both structure and mode of action, has been recognised clinically for several decades. An important advance in our understanding of MDR came with the identification of P-glycoprotein and other related transporters that were expressed in some cancer cells and could recognise and catalyse the efflux of diverse anticancer drugs from cells. A second advance came from an understanding of the mechanism of programmed cell death or apoptosis, leading to MDR mediated by increased to resistance to anticancer drug-induced apoptosis. A third advance came with the finding that the proliferation of human tumours was driven by a small population of self-renewing tumour cells, focussing attention on the MDR properties of these so-called tumour stem cells rather than on the cells that comprised the majority of the tumour population. A fourth advance was the delineation of features of the tumour microenvironment, including immunosuppression, which essentially provided tumour stem cells with an MDR phenotype. Most published work on the overcoming of MDR has concentrated on inhibition of drug transporters but the complexity of mechanisms contributing demands a broad strategy for the development of methods to overcome MDR in a clinical setting. This article was published in Mol Biotechnol and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Molecular & Cancer Biomarkers
    August 23-24, 2017 Birmingham, UK
  • 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging and Diagnosis
    London, UK
  • 22nd International Conference on Cancer Drugs and Therapeutics
    Paris, France
  • International Conference on Oncology Nursing and Cancer Care
    Singapore City, Singapore
  • World Summit on Cell Signalling and Cancer Therapy
    Toronto, Canada
  • International Conference on Radiology and Imaging
    New York, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version