Author(s): Morel F, Chabards D, ImbertTeboul M, Le Bouffant F, HusCitharel A,
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Abstract Using the single tubule adenylate cyclase microassay, we investigated in vitro in three different segments of the rat nephron whether the effects of various hormones are additive when these hormones are tested in combination. In the cortical portion of the thick ascending limb (CAL), no additivity of the effects of glucagon, calcitonin, and PTH was observed. In the medullary portion of the thick ascending limb (MAL), the effects of vasopressin and glucagon were only partly additive, and the effects of vasopressin and calcitonin were fully additive. In the cortical collecting tubule (CCT), the effects of calcitonin and vasopressin were nonadditive in the kidneys in which vasopressin alone induced a high cyclase stimulation, whereas they were fully additive when vasopressin induced a low cyclase stimulation. The data suggest that in each segment, the hormones tested stimulated the same cells: no additivity was observed when cyclase Vmax acted as the limiting factor of the response; partial or full additivity was observed when the number of hormone receptors acted as the limiting factor of the response. As a consequence, calcitonin, glucagon, and PTH should induce the same effects in CAL; vasopressin, glucagon, and calcitonin, the same effects in MAL; and vasopressin and calcitonin, the same effects in CCT.
This article was published in Kidney Int Suppl
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy