alexa Multiple Mechanisms Contribute To Telomere Maintenance.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Morrish TA, Bekbolysnov D, Velliquette D, Morgan M, Ross B,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The unlimited growth potential of tumors depends on telomere maintenance and typically depends on telomerase, an RNA-dependent DNA polymerase, which reverse transcribes the telomerase RNA template, synthesizing telomere repeats at the ends of chromosomes. Studies in various model organisms genetically deleted for telomerase indicate that several recombination-based mechanisms also contribute to telomere maintenance. Understanding the molecular basis of these mechanisms is critical since some human tumors form without telomerase, yet the sequence is maintained at the telomeres. Recombination-based mechanisms also likely contribute at some frequency to telomere maintenance in tumors expressing telomerase. Preventing telomere maintenance is predicted to impact tumor growth, yet inhibiting telomerase may select for the recombination-based mechanisms. Telomere recombination mechanisms likely involve altered or unregulated pathways of DNA repair. The use of some DNA damaging agents may encourage the use of these unregulated pathways of DNA repair to be utilized and may allow some tumors to generate resistance to these agents depending on which repair pathways are altered in the tumors. This review will discuss the various telomere recombination mechanisms and will provide rationale regarding the possibility that L1 retrotransposition may contribute to telomere maintenance in tumors lacking telomerase.
This article was published in J Cancer Biol Res and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version