Author(s): Negishi Y, Kudo A, Obinata A, Kawashima K, Hirano H,
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Abstract Bone marrow is believed to contain multipotential stromal stem cells which can differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes, adipocytes, and myoblasts (Prockop, D. J. Science 276, 71-74, 1997). Therefore, characterization and identification of the stem-like cell within the stromal cells are important to understand bone marrow function in relation to the hematopoietic microenvironment, and repair/regeneration of tissue defects. TBR31-2 cell, a bone marrow stromal cell line established from bone marrow of transgenic mice harboring temperature-sensitive (ts) simian virus (SV) 40T-antigen gene for immortality, is induced toward both adipocytic and osteogenic cells under conditions of the inactivation of T-antigen (Okuyama, R., Yanai, N., Obinata, M. Exp. Cell Res. 218, 424-429, 1995). In this work, using a semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, mRNA expressions of tissue-specific differentiation markers for adipocyte (lipoprotein lipase), osteoblast (type I collagen and osteocalcin), chondrocyte (type II and X collagen), and muscle cell (desmin) were examined during a long-term culture of the cell. In addition, histochemical studies showed the appearance of adipocytic, osteoblastic, chondrocytic, and muscle cells during this long-term culture. Thus, TBR31-2, which has characteristics of an undifferentiated cell, has the potential to express the multipotential cell lineages. These results indicated that a multipotential progenitor cell including potential to differentiate into a muscle cell and which is situated in the mesenchymal cell lineage was first obtained. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Cell & Developmental Biology