Author(s): Goodnow CC
Abstract Share this page
Abstract In the immune system, many tolerance checkpoints exist to prevent self-antigens from stimulating the relentless growth of self-reactive B and T lymphocytes. The genes and molecular pathways underpinning these checkpoints overlap with those involved in tumor suppression. As with an inherited predisposition to cancer, inherited defects in self-tolerance genes typically precipitate autoimmune disease stochastically after a latent phase. Multiple mutations, inherited and somatic, may be needed before a self-reactive clone bypasses sequential tolerance checkpoints resulting in the emergence of autoimmune disease.
This article was published in Cell
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine