Author(s): Biubwa Ally, Sharifah Norkhadijah Syed Isma, IrnizaRasdi
This paper presents the current status of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) system in Zanzibar municipality. The study provides an overview with focus on different aspects of MSWM such as generation, collection and disposal, recycling, identifying the main problems and limitations that hinder improvement in the current municipal solid waste management practices and suggestion on the measures to be taken to alleviate these problems. The information was obtained from Zanzibar Municipal Council (ZMC) personnel with varying responsibilities within the system, relevant stakeholders and representative community members using questionnaire. Similarly, photograph, documentation, field and direct observation were considered to add value of information.The MSWM is still inadequate, asthe average collection efficiency is only45%-50% of mixed waste and open dumping is the prevalent method for final disposal without proper treatment creating a potential to environmental pollution and human health risks. Provision of services by the municipal authority is hindered by limited budget, inadequate technical capacity, the absence of policy, lack of comprehensive legal and regulatory framework, weak enforcement of by -laws, inadequate data on generation rate and waste characteristics, poor urban planning and infrastructures and socio-cultural patterns.