Author(s): Chused TM, Apasov S, Sitkovsky M
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Abstract Murine T, but not B, lymphocytes constitutively express a membrane receptor for adenosine nucleotides that opens a nonspecific pore that admits Ca2+ and ethidium (314 Da), but not propidium (415 Da) ions. ATP, ADP, and AMP show decreasing potency; UTP and adenosine are inactive. Nonhydrolyzable ATP analogues are completely ineffective. Oxidized ATP inhibits the response. Activity is detectable at ATP concentrations of 125 microM and peaks at 1 mM. The intracellular free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) rise is not reversed by removing ATP by centrifugation or apyrase. The kinetics, agonist and antagonist profiles, and the passage of ions as large as ethidium are the characteristics of a P2z-type purinoceptor. No expression of classical P2x-, P2u-, or P2Y-type purinoceptors can be detected. The [Ca2+]i elevating activity of the ATP receptor is modulated during T cell differentiation. CD4+8+ double-positive thymocytes are the least responsive. CD4-8+ single-positive thymocytes, CD8+ splenic T cells, CD4+8- single-positive thymocytes, and CD4+ splenic T cells show increasing reactivity. Measurement of P2Z expression by the rate of ethidium ion uptake correlates with the [Ca2+]i. The trimodal expression of P2Z by splenic CD4+ T cells correlates with the subsets defined by CD44 and CD45RB, differentiation Ags that distinguish memory cells: P2Zlow cells are CD44brightCD45RBbright; P2Zint are CD44dullCD45RBint; P2Zhigh are CD44brightCD45RBdull. It is suggested that P2Z receptor-mediated signaling could be involved in the regulation of differentiation and cell death in the thymus and peripheral T lymphocytes.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology