alexa Muscle quality. II. Effects Of strength training in 65- to 75-yr-old men and women.


Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): Tracy BL, Ivey FM, Hurlbut D, Martel GF, Lemmer JT,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To determine the effects of strength training (ST) on muscle quality (MQ, strength/muscle volume of the trained muscle group), 12 healthy older men (69 +/- 3 yr, range 65-75 yr) and 11 healthy older women (68 +/- 3 yr, range 65-73 yr) were studied before and after a unilateral leg ST program. After a warm-up set, four sets of heavy-resistance knee extensor ST exercise were performed 3 days/wk for 9 wk on the Keiser K-300 leg extension machine. The men exhibited greater absolute increases in the knee extension one-repetition maximum (1-RM) strength test (75 +/- 2 and 94 +/- 3 kg before and after training, respectively) and in quadriceps muscle volume measured by magnetic resonance imaging (1,753 +/- 44 and 1, 955 +/- 43 cm3) than the women (42 +/- 2 and 55 +/- 3 kg for the 1-RM test and 1,125 +/- 53 vs. 1,261 +/- 65 cm3 for quadriceps muscle volume before and after training, respectively, in women; both P < 0.05). However, percent increases were similar for men and women in the 1-RM test (27 and 29\% for men and women, respectively), muscle volume (12\% for both), and MQ (14 and 16\% for men and women, respectively). Significant increases in MQ were observed in both groups in the trained leg (both P < 0.05) and in the 1-RM test for the untrained leg (both P < 0.05), but no significant differences were observed between groups, suggesting neuromuscular adaptations in both gender groups. Thus, although older men appear to have a greater capacity for absolute strength and muscle mass gains than older women in response to ST, the relative contribution of neuromuscular and hypertrophic factors to the increase in strength appears to be similar between genders.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985) and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Shoude Jin
    Mechanisms of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and airway smooth muscle remodeling: the potential roles of Abhd2
    PDF Version
  • Alsayed Alnahal
    Urinary netrin-1 predict early ischemic acute kidney injury after cardiopulmonary bypass
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ping Yang
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicating early-stage lung cancer (LC)
    PDF Version
  • Gunilla Lindqvist
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A study of the relationship between patients’ feeling of guilt due to their belief of the disease being self inflicted
    PDF Version
  • Roger Mark Engel
    The effect of including manual therapy in the management of mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – a randomized controlled trial
    PDF Version
  • Rupal Patel Mansukhani
    Correlation of Medication Therapy in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) Patients with 30-day Readmission Rates
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hadeel Faisal Gad
    In-vitro analysis of cytokines responses of visceral leishmaniasis and pulmonary tuberculosis patients to homologous and heterologous antigen stimulation
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Xin Wang
    IL17 Pathway Involves Moderating Pulmonary Hypertension, a common complication of COPD, in Statins Therapy in Smoking Rats
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version