Author(s): Grateau G
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Abstract Amyloidosis remains a severe potential complication of many chronic inflammatory disorders, foremost of rheumatoid arthritis. It is not exactly known why some patients develop a progressive amyloidosis while others do not, although latent deposits may be present. It is likely that more potent anti-inflammatory drugs recently used in rheumatoid arthritis have led to a decrease of amyloid-associated (AA) amyloidosis. However, overt amyloidosis remains a severe complication of some chronic inflammatory disorders and it has a poor prognosis. Hereditary fevers are a group of diseases characterized by intermittent bouts of clinical inflammation with focal organ involvement, mainly abdomen, musculoskeletal system and skin. The most frequent is familial Mediterranean fever which affects patients of Mediterranean descent all over the world. Three other types have been recently characterized clinically as well as genetically. A thorough diagnosis is warranted, as clinical and therapeutic management is specific for each of these diseases.
This article was published in Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy