alexa Mutagenesis and comutagenesis by lead compounds.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Roy NK, Rossman TG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have previously reported that lead(II) is weakly mutagenic to Chinese hamster V79 cells. A transgenic cell line G12 containing a single copy of the E. coli gpt gene was developed in this laboratory from Chinese hamster V79 cells. The gpt locus in the G12 cells is more mutable by radiation and oxidative agents compared with the endogenous hprt locus of wild-type V79 cells. We have investigated the mutagenicity of two lead compounds at the gpt locus in G12 cells. Only at a toxic dose is lead acetate significantly mutagenic to G12 cells. Lead nitrate is not significantly mutagenic at any dose. Although both compounds are water-soluble, lead acetate, but not lead nitrate, forms a fine white insoluble precipitate upon addition to growth medium. A nick translation assay on cells treated with lead compounds and then permeabilized indicated that lead nitrate and, to a greater extent, lead acetate causes the appearance of nicks in chromosomal DNA. Lead ions in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, but not alone, introduced nicks into supercoiled plasmid DNA in vitro, suggesting that lead ions can partake in a Fenton reaction and thereby damage DNA. At lower nonmutagenic concentrations, lead acetate enhances the mutagenicity of MNNG and ultraviolet light. DNA damage by ultraviolet light is not enhanced by lead ions in vitro. Our data support the concept that non-toxic concentrations of lead(II) can inhibit DNA repair. Thus, at biologically relevant doses, lead(II) could act as a comutagen and possibly a cocarcinogen, but is not likely to act as an initiating genotoxic carcinogen.
This article was published in Mutat Res and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Ensieh Shahvazian
    Resequencing of KLF14 gene in population based family study with type two diabetes
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Changchun Yang
    Feasibility study on DCA microspheres for deep profile control technology in high permeability of high temperature and high salt reservoirs
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Seema Narayan
    A comparative study of the link between real exchange rate of ASEAN countries and fossil fuel prices
    PDF Version
  • Navinchandra G. Ashar
    Comparative study of techno-economic evaluation of the production of liquid Sulphur Di Oxide
    PDF Version
  • Recep Çelik
    GIS based assessment effect of irrigation on groundwater level changes in agricultural areas: A case study on the Bismil plain in the Upper Tigris Basin
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Wondalem Misganaw Golie
    Adsorption equilibrium and kinetic study of removal of nitrate from drinking water supplies by chitosan composite
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Gunilla Lindqvist
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A study of the relationship between patients’ feeling of guilt due to their belief of the disease being self inflicted
    PDF Version
  • Rohit A
    Cardiovascular risk prediction using WHO/ISH chart in urban and rural subjects attending diabetes screening clinic: A pilot study
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jahid Zeghiche
    Jahid-Zeghiche-Univesity-of-Al-Baha- Saudi-Arabia- Compressive- Strength-of-Concerete-filled-Thin- Steel-Stubs-Theoretical-and-Experimental-Study
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Won-SeokHeo
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yi-Cheng Hu
    Detection of a negative correlation between prescription of Chinese herbal products containing coumestrol, genistein or daidzein and risk of subsequent endometrial cancer among tamoxifentreated female breast cancer survivors in Taiwan between 1998 and 2008: A population-based study
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Carsten Worsoe
    The value of the “simulated study” as a tool to predict actual leachables in parenteral drug products
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Wei Gong
    Wei Gong-Huazhong-University-of-Science-and-Technology-China-Probabilistic-seismic-hazard-assessment-for-the-pseudo-negative-stiffness-control-of- a-steel-base-isolated-building-A-comparative-study-
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Abdullah Altin
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ganesh Raj Pant
    A serological study in response to people at occupational risk of rabies virus exposure in Nepal
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version