Author(s): Gsswein T, Kocot A, Emmert G, Kreuz W, MartinezSaguer I,
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Abstract Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is an autosomal dominant disease that manifests as intermittent acute swellings of the skin and mucosal surfaces, which, in the gastrointestinal tract and larynx, may even be fatal. HAE results from functional deficiency of the C1 inhibitor (C1INH) protein, which plays a key role in the classical pathway of complement activation. C1INH is the sole inhibitor of the activated proteases C1r and C1s, and is the major regulator of activated coagulation Factor XII and plasma kallikrein, which limits the generation of the vasoactive peptide bradykinin. In this paper, we report on the genetic analysis of 173 families (including 326 members) with a clinical diagnosis of HAE. Direct sequencing, Southern blotting and quantitative PCR by the MLPA method were used to screen for mutations in C1INH (SERPING1). In 142 families (82.1\%), a causative C1INH gene mutation could be identified. A total of 80 novel point mutations of C1INH not published previously were detected in 96 pedigrees (including 172 members). Our results corroborate C1INH (SERPING1) deficiency as a disease of extreme allelic heterogeneity with almost each individual family carrying their own mutation. Routine molecular genetic analysis is an effective way of confirming the clinical diagnosis and identifying mutation carriers early on before any clinical manifestation becomes apparent. It is, therefore, a valuable tool in prevention and adequate treatment of acute and life-threatening oedema. Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
This article was published in Cytogenet Genome Res
and referenced in Journal of Hematology & Thromboembolic Diseases