Author(s): Cvetni Z, Spici S, Benic M, KataliniJankovi V, Pate M,
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Abstract During a five-year period (2000 to 2004) 74,342 pigs were tested by the intradermal tuberculin test in Croatia. Of them, 248 (0.33\%) pigs were positive and 91 (0.12\%) were found to be suspicious in 7 out of the 13 farms included in the study. Gross pathological changes characteristic of tuberculosis were observed in tuberculin-positive and/or suspicious swine. Mycobacterium was isolated from the lymph nodes of 183 out of 234 swine (78.2\%). For better epidemiological understanding, isolates were typed by conventional methods, PCR and hybridisation. The results show that most of the isolates belonged to the Mycobacterium avium complex (175 isolates, 95.7\%). Other isolates belonged to M. fortuitum (6 isolates, 3.3\%), M. chelonae (1 isolate, 0.5\%), and M. peregrinum (1 isolate, 0.5\%). Isolated strains of the M. avium complex were identified as M a. avium (37 isolates, 21.1\%) and M. a. hominissuis (138 isolates, 78.9\%).
This article was published in Acta Vet Hung
and referenced in Mycobacterial Diseases