Author(s): Gupta A, Kaul A, Tsolaki AG, Kishore U, Bhakta S, Gupta A, Kaul A, Tsolaki AG, Kishore U, Bhakta S
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Abstract One-third of the global human population harbours Mycobacterium tuberculosis in dormant form. This dormant or latent infection presents a major challenge for global efforts to eradicate tuberculosis, because it is a vast reservoir of potential reactivation and transmission. This article explains how the pathogen evades the host immune response to establish a latent infection, and how it emerges from a state of latency to cause reactivation disease. This review highlights the key factors responsible for immune evasion and reactivation. It concludes by identifying interesting candidates for drug or vaccine development, as well as identifying unresolved questions for the future research. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Immunobiology
and referenced in Molecular Biology: Open Access