alexa Myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 is required for the resolution of otitis media.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Hernandez M, Leichtle A, Pak K, Ebmeyer J, Euteneuer S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Signaling defects in the Toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway, such as interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 deficiency, highlight the prominence of TLR signaling in the defense against bacterial disease. Because myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) can transduce signals from almost all TLRs, we studied its role in otitis media (OM), the most common upper respiratory tract bacterial infectious disease in young children. METHODS: The middle ears (MEs) of wild-type (WT) and MyD88(-/-) mice were inoculated with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi). ME infection and inflammation were monitored for 21 days after surgery. Bone marrow-derived macrophages from WT and MyD88(-/-) mice were infected with NTHi in vitro to assess their interaction with bacteria. RESULTS: In WT mice, MyD88 expression was detected in the ME stroma at baseline. MyD88(-/-) mice displayed prolonged ME mucosal thickening and delayed recruitment of neutrophils and macrophages. Although WT mice cleared NTHi within 5 days, viable NTHi were isolated for up to 21 days in MyD88(-/-) mice. The interaction between macrophages and NTHi was significantly altered in MyD88(-/-) mice. CONCLUSIONS: In this mouse model, MyD88-mediated signaling was important for clearance of infection and resolution of inflammation in acute OM due to NTHi. The role played by innate signaling in children susceptible to chronic or recurrent OM deserves further study.
This article was published in J Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords