Author(s): Tsukamoto H, Nishikata R, Senju S, Nishimura Y
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Abstract Collaborative action between tumor cells and host-derived suppressor cells leads to peripheral tolerance of T cells to tumor antigens. Here, we showed that in tumor-bearing mice, generation of tumor antigen-specific effector T-helper cells (TH1) was significantly attenuated, and impaired TH1 differentiation was restored by the temporal blockade of interleukin (IL)-6 activity at the T-cell priming phase. Furthermore, we found that Gr-1(+) myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) served as a source of IL-6 in tumor-bearing mice. Adoptive transfer of effector CD4(+) T cells revealed that MDSC-sensitized effector CD4(+) T cells were less potent in mounting antitumor immune responses, although effector T cells generated together with Gr-1(+) cells from tumor-free mice eradicated established tumors. CD8(+) T cells, IFN-γ, and MHC-class II expression in host mice were indispensable for the antitumor activity initiated by effector CD4(+) T cells. Despite comparable suppressive activity of IL-6(+/+) and IL-6(-/-) MDSC on primary T-cell activation, transfer of IL-6(+/+) MDSC, but not IL-6(-/-) MDSC, dampened the efficient induction of effector TH1 cells and counteracted CD4(+) T cell-mediated antitumor immunity including cognate help for CD8(+) T cells in vivo. These findings suggest that, apart from the inhibitory effects on primary T-cell activation, MDSC promote tumor progression by attenuating functional differentiation of tumor-specific CD4(+) T cells into effector TH1 cells through IL-6 production to promote tumor progression. This novel mode of MDSC-induced tolerance of effector CD4(+) T cells should be considered as the basis for the rational design of effective T cell-mediated antitumor therapies. ©2013 AACR.
This article was published in Cancer Immunol Res
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis