alexa Myosin heavy chain gene expression changes in the diaphragm of patients with chronic lung hyperinflation.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Mercadier JJ, Schwartz K, Schiaffino S, Wisnewsky C, Ausoni S

Abstract Share this page

In striated muscle, chronic increases in workload result in changes in myosin phenotype. The aim of this study was to determine whether such changes occur in the diaphragm of patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a situation characterized by a chronic increase in respiratory load and lung volume. Diaphragm biopsies were obtained from 22 patients who underwent thoracic surgery. Myosin was characterized with electrophoresis in nondenaturing conditions, SDS-glycerol PAGE, and Western blotting with monoclonal antibodies specific for slow and fast myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms. Flow volume curves, total lung capacity, and functional residual capacity were measured before surgery in 20 patients. We found that the human diaphragm is composed of at least four myosin isoforms, one slow and three fast, resulting from the combination of three MHC species. Chronic overload was associated with an increase in the slow beta-MHC species at the expense of the fast species (beta-MHC, 78.2 +/- 4.6 and 50.0 +/- 6.5% in emphysematous and control patients, respectively; P < 0.005). Linear correlations were found between beta-MHC percentage and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (r = -0.52; P < 0.02), total lung capacity (r = 0.44; P < 0.05), and functional residual capacity (r = 0.65; P < 0.003). The human adult diaphragm is composed of a balanced proportion of slow and fast myosin isoforms. In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the proportion of fast myosins decreases, whereas that of slow myosin increases. This increase appears to be closely related to lung hyperinflation and may reflect an adaptation of the diaphragm to the new functional requirements.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Am J Physiol. and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords