Author(s): Hein DW
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Abstract Arylamine N-acetyltransferase 1 and 2 exhibit single nucleotide polymorphisms in human populations that modify drug and carcinogen metabolism. This paper updates the identity, location and functional effects of these single nucleotide polymorphisms and then follows with emerging concepts for understanding why pharmacogenetic findings may not be replicated consistently. Using this paradigm as an example, laboratory-based mechanistic analyses can reveal complexities such that genetic polymorphisms become biologically and medically relevant when confounding factors are more fully understood and considered. As medical care moves to a more personalized approach, the implications of these confounding factors will be important in understanding the complexities of personalized medicine.
This article was published in Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics