Author(s): Natarajan V, Schmid PC, Schmid HH
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Abstract N-Acylethanolamine phospholipids accumulate in rat brain during post-decapitative ischemia. Small amounts of these phospholipids consisting primarily of diacyl and alkenylacyl species can be detected within 15 min of ischemia and they increase linearly for 60 min. This ischemia-induced synthesis is more pronounced in developing rat brain (approx. 5.0 nmol/h per mumol lipid P) than in adult brain (0.4 nmol). Pulse labeling experiments with subcellular preparations of 10-day-old rat brain indicate a precursor-product relationship between ethanolamine phospholipids and their N-acyl analogs. N-Acylation of endogenous substrates occurs with both microsomes and mitochondria, exhibits a pH optimum of 10 and requires 1 mM Ca2+ for maximal (0.2 mM Ca2+ for half maximal) activity. Cell-free preparations of both developing and adult rat brain contain a phosphodiesterase which hydrolyzes N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine to phosphatidic acid and N-acylethanolamine. The latter is further hydrolyzed to fatty acid and ethanolamine by an amidohydrolase. [1-3H]Ethanolamine, injected intracerebrally or intraperitoneally into 13- and 18-day-old rats, is incorporated into brain ethanolamine phospholipids. Since small amounts of radioactivity are also associated with N-acylethanolamine phospholipids 5 and 24 h after injection of the substrate, it appears that these phospholipids may occur at a very low level as a natural lipid constituent of rat brain.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics