Author(s): Streicher RM, Schmidt M, Fiorito S
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Abstract Nanomaterials and structures, such as nanoparticles, nanofibers, nanosurfaces, nanocoatings, nanoscaffolds and nanocomposites, are considered for various applications in orthopedics and traumatology. This review looks at proposed nanotechnology inspired applications for implants from the perspective of the orthopedic industry. Investigations support consistently the theory that most nanomaterials in various physical forms are able to enhance the cell response selectively for biological tissue integration or increase the strength and wear resistance of current orthopedic materials. At this stage, most of the studies are at the laboratory scale or in early in vivo testing. Significant basic and applied research and development is needed to realize their full clinical potential and biological, manufacturing, economic and regulatory issues have to be addressed. Nevertheless, a crucial factor for success is well-coordinated multimethod and multidiscipline teamwork with profound industrial and medical expertise.
This article was published in Nanomedicine (Lond)
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Biotherapeutic Discovery