Author(s): Contencin P, Narcy P
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The etiology and mechanisms involved in determining and/or maintaining the inflammatory process along the airway mucosa remain partially obscure. The role of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has been demonstrated in some cases of bronchitis and laryngitis especially in children. In adults, GER-related laryngitis has also been mentioned. In children, repeated rhinopharyngitis and otitis media due to GER remain a putative question. In this study, 31 infants and children underwent a day and night nasopharyngeal pH monitoring. Thirteen patients with known GER suffered from chronic or repeated rhinitis or rhinopharyngitis. Eighteen control subjects with or without GER were free of upper airway inflammatory process. In some pathological cases the pH dropped dramatically. The pH drops were more important in most of the GER/rhinitis cases than in controls. Of the reviewed criteria, the percentage of time spent below pH 6 (or pharyngeal acidity index) is the most statistically significant (P less than 0.00005). Thus, the influence of a gastro-esophago-nasopharyngeal acid reflux is strongly suggested in this common pediatric pathology, among other causes. However, the technique used does not allow us to assess the true origin of these pH changes. Further investigation with two-site pH monitoring and larger series of patients are required in order to fully assess the influence of GER on pediatric nasopharyngeal inflammation.
This article was published in Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol
and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access