Author(s): Markai S, Marchand PA, Mabon F, Baguet E, Billault I,
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Abstract Quantitative 2H NMR spectroscopy has been used to determine the natural abundance site-specific 2H isotopic content of 6,7-dihydrocapsaicin (1) and capsaicin (2). Prior to analysis, the fatty acyl moieties were released as methyl 8-methylnonanoate (3) and methyl E-8-methylnon-6-enoate (4), respectively. A marked and similar nonstatistical isotopic distribution of (2)H is observed for both fatty acids. Notably, it can be seen that: 1) the isobutyl portion of 3 is more impoverished in 2H than the methylenic portion; 2) the isobutyl portion of 4 is more impoverished than that of 3; 3) an alternating pattern occurs in the (2H/1H)i between the C3 to C7 positions; and 4) the ethylenic hydrogens at C6 and C7 of 4 are, respectively, impoverished and unchanged relative to these positions in 3. These observations are compatible with the proposed biosynthetic origins of the different parts of 1 and 2, and with the view that 1 is a proximal precursor of 2. Furthermore, it can be suggested that, firstly, the hydrogen atoms at C3 to C7 originate alternatively from the substrate and from the environment and, secondly, that the Delta6-E desaturation is introduced by a mechanism closely mimicking that of the Z desaturation of higher plants.
This article was published in Chembiochem
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability