alexa Natural history of periodontal disease in adults: findings from the Tecumseh Periodontal Disease Study, 1959-87.



Author(s): Ismail AI, Morrison EC, Burt BA, Caffesse RG, Kavanagh MT

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Abstract The purpose of this epidemiological study was to estimate the degree of change in periodontal attachment level in a sample of adults examined in 1959 and 1987 in Tecumseh, Michigan. Out of 526 individuals between the ages of five and 60 years in 1959, a sample of 325 resided within an 80-km-radius area in 1987. Of those, 167 were re-examined. Loss of periodontal attachment (LPA) was determined with a Michigan #0 probe on four tooth sites (disto-buccal, mid-buccal, mesio-buccal, mid-lingual) for all teeth present. Of the individuals contacted, 28 had lost all their teeth during the 28 years. Of the 167 adults examined, two refused periodontal probing. Out of the 165 adults with LPA measurements in 1987, only 22 (13.3\%) had an average increased loss of 2 mm or more per person between 1959 and 1987; five adults (3.0\%) had an average LPA increase of 3 mm or more, and only two adults (1.2\%) had an average LPA increase of 4 mm or more. The attachment level in 59.3\% of all the tooth sites examined in 1959 in the 165 individuals either did not change or changed within +/- 1.0 mm. On the basis of bivariate analyses, the individuals with high LPA increase (greater than or equal to 2 mm) had the following characteristics significantly different from those with low LPA increase: They were older, smoked, had tooth mobility at baseline, higher gingivitis, plaque, calculus, and tooth mobility scores at follow-up, lower education level, and irregular dental attendance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in J Dent Res and referenced in Dentistry

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