alexa Natural soil colloids To retard simazine and 2,4-D leaching in soil.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

Author(s): Cox L, Celis R, Hermosn MC, Cornejo J

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Abstract Natural or synthetic sorbents for pesticides can be used to reduce contamination of soils and natural waters. The sorption of simazine and 2,4-D on montmorillonite minerals has been studied and their potential use to retard pesticide leaching in soil evaluated. Simazine and 2,4-D did not sorb on high-layer charge montmorillonite, whereas sorption on the lower layer charge montmorillonite SWy varied depending on the saturating cation. Simazine sorption increased in the order Ca(2+)SWy << K(+)SWy < Fe(3+)SWy. Simazine molecules sorb on hydrophobic microsites of the montmorillonite. Once protonated, further sorption through cation exchange takes place in the interlamellar space of the montmorillonite, as corroborated by X-ray diffraction and FT-IR studies. 2,4-D does not sorb on K(+)SWy or Ca(2+)SWy, but does sorb on Fe(3+)SWy, because the acidic character of this sorbent allows the molecular form of 2, 4-D to sorb by hydrogen bonding and/or by hydrophobic interactions. Leaching experiments in hand-packed soil columns indicate that simazine and 2,4-D application as a complex with FeSWy renders later breakthrough and lower maximum concentration peaks, and the total herbicide leached is lower than when applied as the pure analytical grade compound. These results suggest the possible use of natural soil colloids as sorbents for herbicides such as simazine and 2,4-D to retard pesticide leaching in soil, thus reducing their ground water contamination potential.
This article was published in J Agric Food Chem and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

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