alexa Naturally occurring inflammatory arthritis of the spondyloarthropathy variety in Cayo Santiago rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).

Journal of Primatology

Author(s): Rothschild BM, Hong N, Turnquist JE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: The establishment of an animal model is a major priority in the battle to control inflammatory arthritis. Exploration to date has not yet identified a viable model for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), while artificial (e.g., collagen-induced) models do not seem to accurately represent RA. They, at least superficially, resemble human spondyloarthropathy. This study assesses the evidence for a common naturally-occurring spondyloarthropathy in a colony of free-ranging rhesus macaques. METHODS: Skeletal elements of 275 Macaca mulatta of known age and troop affiliation from the Cayo Santiago colony [Caribbean Primate Research Center (CPRC)] were surveyed for the presence of spondyloarthropathy and osteoarthritis. Fisher exact tests established the independence of each pathological condition, age, sex, troop and specific joint. RESULTS: Spondyloarthropathy was evident in 10\% of females and 7\% of males. In surviving troops, its frequency in 82 animals over 8 years of age was 20\%. The skeletal distribution of spondyloarthropathy was independent of troop membership. Osteoarthritis affected 20\% of females and 4\% of males and was independent of their troop. Significant differences in the frequencies of specific joint involvement were found when the natural model, particularly in the polyarticular subgroup, was compared to the collagen-induced model. CONCLUSIONS: Naturally-occurring spondyloarthropathy afflicts 20\% of susceptible-aged individuals in surviving macaque troops at the CPRC. This phenomenon appears to present a unique natural model for the characterization of the genetic, immunological and environmental contributions to this disease, which afflicts 0.5-5\% of the human population. This natural model would appear to supplant the need for the collagen-induced large animal model.
This article was published in Clin Exp Rheumatol and referenced in Journal of Primatology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords