Author(s): Shangase L, Feller L, Blignaut E, Shangase L, Feller L, Blignaut E
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Abstract Necrotising ulcerative gingivitis/periodontitis (NUG/NUP) are well-documented oral manifestations of HIV infection/AIDS. However, no information is available regarding the predictive value of NUG in the diagnosis of HIV-infection in South Africa. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine a possible correlation between NUG/NUP and HIV infection in the as yet undiagnosed patients. METHODS: Eighty-six systemically asymptomatic patients were diagnosed with NUG/NUP. All patients were treated with 400 mg of metronidazole and 500 mg paracetamol, three times a day for five days. Mechanical debridement under local anesthesia was performed five days after the initial consultation. The possible involvement of HIV-infection was explained and patients were advised to have a blood test taken. RESULTS: Fifty-six patients consented and received pre- and post-test counselling. Of the fifty-six patients, thirty-nine were found to be HIV positive with CD+ T cell counts ranging between 9 and 1,205 cells/mm3. There was a statistically significant correlation between CD4+ T cells below 500 cells/mm3 (p = 0.000) as well as with CD4+ T cells below 200 cells/mm3 (p = 0.001) and NUP/NUG. CONCLUSION: From these results it is concluded that in the GaRankuwa and surrounding areas, NUG/NUP in otherwise systemically healthy individuals is strongly correlated with HIV infection, with a predictive value of 69.6 per cent (p = 0.01). It is recommended that patients presenting with these conditions be encouraged to undergo testing to establish their HIV status for appropriate referrals and management.
This article was published in SADJ
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research