Author(s): Cunningham M, Yu VL, Turner J, Curtin H
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Abstract An 85-year-old, nondiabetic man is described with necrotizing (malignant) otitis externa. The patient developed facial nerve paralysis in the presence of a progressive cellulitis and chondritis of the external auditory meatus. Destruction of the bony meatus and mastoid and obliteration of normal soft-tissue planes at the skull base were documented by computed tomographic scans. Aspergillus fumigatus was isolated from the external meatus and deep tissue specimens. Fungal invasion of bone and soft tissue was confirmed histopathologically. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was never isolated. This case is unusual from both the standpoint of etiology and host susceptibility in that the patient had no apparent underlying disease. Amphotericin B and rifampin therapy following radical mastoidectomy halted the progression of disease. Finally, this case illustrates the pitfalls of empiric antibacterial therapy for necrotizing otitis externa without cultural confirmation of the etiologic agent.
This article was published in Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals