alexa Neighborhood disadvantage: pathways of effects for young children.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Air & Water Borne Diseases

Author(s): Kohen DE, Leventhal T, Dahinten VS, McIntosh CN

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Abstract The present study used Canadian National Longitudinal data to examine a model of the mechanisms through which the effects of neighborhood socioeconomic conditions impact young children's verbal and behavioral outcomes (N= 3,528; M age = 5.05 years, SD= 0.86). Integrating elements of social disorganization theory and family stress models, and results from structural equation models suggest that both neighborhood and family mechanisms played an important role in the transmission of neighborhood socioeconomic effects. Neighborhood disadvantage manifested its effect via lower neighborhood cohesion, which was associated with maternal depression and family dysfunction. These processes were, in turn, related to less consistent, less stimulating, and more punitive parenting behaviors, and ultimately, poorer child outcomes. This article was published in Child Dev and referenced in Air & Water Borne Diseases

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