alexa Neighborhoods and health.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Epidemiology: Open Access

Author(s): Diez Roux AV, Mair C

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Abstract Features of neighborhoods or residential environments may affect health and contribute to social and race/ethnic inequalities in health. The study of neighborhood health effects has grown exponentially over the past 15 years. This chapter summarizes key work in this area with a particular focus on chronic disease outcomes (specifically obesity and related risk factors) and mental health (specifically depression and depressive symptoms). Empirical work is classified into two main eras: studies that use census proxies and studies that directly measure neighborhood attributes using a variety of approaches. Key conceptual and methodological challenges in studying neighborhood health effects are reviewed. Existing gaps in knowledge and promising new directions in the field are highlighted. This article was published in Ann N Y Acad Sci and referenced in Epidemiology: Open Access

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