alexa Neonatal bilirubin production-conjugation imbalance: effect of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and borderline prematurity.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Journal of Neonatal Biology

Author(s): Kaplan M, Muraca M, Vreman HJ, Hammerman C, Vilei MT,

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate relations between production and conjugation of bilirubin in the pathophysiology of jaundice in glucose-6-phosophate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient neonates. METHODS: Term and borderline premature (35-37 weeks gestational age), healthy, male, G6PD deficient neonates were studied close to the beginning of the 3rd day. Blood carboxyhaemogobin corrected for inspired CO (COHbc; an index of bilirubin production) and serum total conjugated bilirubin (TCB; a reflection of bilirubin conjugation) were measured in simultaneously drawn blood samples by gas chromatography and reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography respectively. A bilirubin production-conjugation index comprising COHbc/TCB was determined; a high index reflects imbalance between the bilirubin production and conjugation processes. COHbc and TCB individually and the production-conjugation index were studied in relation to serum total bilirubin (STB) concentration. RESULTS: Fifty one G6PD deficient neonates were sampled at 51 (8) hours. COHbc values did not correlate with STB (r=0.22, p=0.15). TCB did correlate inversely with STB (r=-0.42, p=0.004), and there was a positive correlation between the production-conjugation index and STB (r=0.45, p=0.002). The production-conjugation index (median (interquartile range)) was higher in the premature (n=8) than term neonates (2.31 (2.12-3.08) v 1.05 (0.53-1.81), p=0.003). This difference was the result of changes in TCB. CONCLUSIONS: The data show that jaundice in G6PD deficient neonates is the result of an imbalance between production and conjugation of bilirubin with a tendency for inefficient bilirubin conjugation over increased haemolysis in its pathogenesis. Borderline premature infants are at special risk of bilirubin production-conjugation imbalance.
This article was published in Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology

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