alexa Neonatal injection of CD3 antibody into nonobese diabetic mice reduces the incidence of insulitis and diabetes.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Hayward AR, Shreiber M

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Abstract Over 80\% of nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice develop lymphocytic infiltrates of their pancreatic islets (insulitis) by 6 wk of age and 50\% of the females are diabetic by 6 mo of age. The incidence of insulitis in NOD mice injected once as neonates with 250 micrograms of the CD3 antibody, 145.2C11, was 8\% at 10 wk of age, increasing to 25\% at 32 wk of age. Fewer than 10\% of these animals developed diabetes by 8 mo of age. Neonatal administration of 145.2C11 reduced the proliferative responses of spleen cells to mitogen stimulation 2 and 4 wk postinjection and expression of TCR was reduced 1 to 5 wk postinjection. The percentage of CD4 and CD8 cells in the spleen was transiently reduced after injection and the frequency of Pgp-1+-high cells (putative memory cells) was increased 2 to 4 wk postinjection, suggesting that in vivo administration of the antibody caused some T cells to divide as well as transiently reducing T cell numbers. IL-2R expression was not detected on spleen cells in the 4 wk after antibody injection. The phenotypic and functional changes after neonatal CD3 antibody injection resolved by 8 wk of age. The control and injected mice grew normally and made equivalent IgG antibody responses to injected human IgG. Neonatally injected 145.2C11 antibody was cleared from the circulation with a terminal half-life approximating to 21 days but greater than 90\% of antigen binding activity was lost 6 days after injection. Protection from diabetes did not follow neonatal elimination of T cells with CD4 and CD8 antibodies, nor the injection of a TCR subset antibody, F23.1. Our data suggest that the neonatal T cell repertoire is open to modulation by a single injection of a CD3 antibody and they offer a new experimental approach to immunotherapy in an animal model of type 1 diabetes.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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