alexa Neonatal outcome in infants with evidence of fetal exposure to opiates, cocaine, and cannabinoids.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Nair P, Rothblum S, Hebel R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This study evaluated the neonatal outcome of infants with evidence of fetal exposure to cocaine, opiates, and cannabinoids. Subjects were from the newborn nursery of an inner-city university teaching hospital. Meconium from 141 infants admitted to the full-term nursery was analyzed for metabolites of opiates, cocaine, and cannabinoids. The population was 72\% African-American; 82\% had medical assistance; history of drug use was reported in the medical records in 18\%; mean maternal age was 24.2 years; mean birth weight was 3,234 +/- 502 g; and neonatal abstinence syndrome was reported in 7\%. Meconium analysis data showed the following: 52.5\% were drug-free; cocaine was present in 31\%, opiates in 18\% (cocaine and/or opiates 39\%), and cannabinoids in 17\%. In 38 infants in whom urine toxicology was obtained for clinical indications, meconium was more sensitive than urine in detecting drug exposure (55.3\% vs 31.5\%). There was no significant difference between cocaine/opiate-exposed and drug-free infants in race, socioeconomic status, maternal age, birth weight, head circumference, length, and Apgar scores. Cocaine/opiate-exposed infants had greater length of stay and increased frequency of maternal sexually transmitted diseases during pregnancy, with a trend toward a higher percent with fetal distress.
This article was published in Clin Pediatr (Phila) and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy
    Sep 5-6, 2017 London, UK
  • 6th World Congress on Biopolymers
    September 7-9, 2017 Paris, France
  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers and Bioplastics
    October 19-21, 2017 San Francisco, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version