alexa Neonatal oxygen exposure in rats leads to cardiovascular and renal alterations in adulthood.


Journal of Neonatal Biology

Author(s): Yzydorczyk C, Comte B, Cambonie G, Lavoie JC, Germain N,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Long-term vascular and renal consequences of neonatal oxidative injury are unknown. Using a rat model, we sought to investigate whether vascular function and blood pressure are altered in adult rats exposed to hyperoxic conditions as neonates. We also questioned whether neonatal O(2) injury causes long-term renal damage, important in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Sprague-Dawley pups were kept with their mother in 80\% O(2) or room air from days 3 to 10 postnatal, and blood pressure was measured (tail cuff) from weeks 7 to 15. Rats were euthanized, and vascular reactivity (ex vivo carotid rings), oxidative stress (lucigenin chemiluminescence and dihydroethidium fluorescence), microvascular density (tibialis anterior muscle), and nephron count were studied. In male and female rats exposed to O(2) as newborns, systolic and diastolic blood pressures were increased (by an average of 15 mm Hg); ex vivo, maximal vasoconstriction (both genders) and sensitivity (males only) specific to angiotensin II were increased; endothelium-dependant vasodilatation to carbachol but not to NO-donor sodium nitroprussiate was impaired; superoxide dismutase analogue prevented vascular dysfunction to angiotensin II and carbachol; vascular superoxide production was higher; and capillary density (by 30\%) and number of nephrons per kidney (by 25\%) were decreased. These data suggest that neonatal hyperoxia leads in the adult rat to increased blood pressure, vascular dysfunction, microvascular rarefaction, and reduced nephron number in both genders. Our findings support the hypothesis of developmental programming of adult cardiovascular and renal diseases and provide new insights into the potential role of oxidative stress in this process. This article was published in Hypertension and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 20th International Conference on Neonatology and Perinatology
    December 04-06, 2017 Madrid, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version