Author(s): Zhang X, Zhang L, Huo S, Wang J, Cui S
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Abstract The ovarian sympathetic nerves participate in the regulation of mammalian ovarian function, but it is still not known whether the neonatal ovarian sympathetic nerve is involved in follicular development and related mechanisms. In the present study, the superior ovarian nerve (SON) of the neonatal rat was transected on postnatal day (PD) 2, and follicle development, ovarian hormone secretion, ovulation rate, granulosa cell proliferation and apoptosis were analysed on PD 30 and PD 90. The results demonstrate that SON transection decreases follicle number and size, reduces ovulation induced by gonadotrophin and enhances follicular atresia. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and cleaved caspase-3 immunohistochemistry staining provide evidence that SON transection inhibits granulosa cell proliferation and promotes granulosa cell apoptosis. In addition, SON transection increases serum oestradiol levels, but has no influence on serum progesterone levels. These results suggest that the sympathetic nerve supply to the ovaries is important in regulating follicle development and ovary function. These results are critical for further understanding of the neuroendocrine regulation of ovary development and function, although the mechanism needs to be elucidated in future studies.
This article was published in Reprod Fertil Dev
and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome