Author(s): Misago N, Mori T, Narisawa Y
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Both trichoblastoma and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) are considered to be a benign and malignant neoplasm of follicular germinative cells respectively. A recent investigation revealed that the mesenchymal cells in the perifollicular sheath and evolving follicular papilla of embryonic hair germs and those cells in hair follicles in early anagen express nestin. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether trichoblastoma and BCC recapitulate the epithelial–mesenchymal interactions in embryonic hair germs or early anagen hair follicles by expressing nestin in stromal cells. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining was performed with antibody against nestin for 15 trichoblastomas including large/small nodular, retiform and trichoepithelioma types, while adding the superficial type associated with nevus sebaceous and for 20 BCCs including superficial, nodular, nodulo-infiltrative, and infiltrative/micronodular types. RESULTS: In all 15 trichoblastomas, the stromal cells expressed nestin with variable positive reactions, except for superficial trichoblastomas within nevus sebaceous lesions, in which stromal cells were constantly positive for nestin. In all 20 BCCs, the stromal cells were basically negative for nestin. CONCLUSIONS: The development of trichoblastomas incompletely recapitulates the epithelial–mesenchymal interactions in embryonic hair germs or early anagen hair follicles, whereas BCCs fundamentally have lost this ability. Among the various types of trichoblastomas, the superficial type associated with nevus sebaceous was found to have the most similar character to either embryonic hair germs or early anagen hair follicles.
This article was published in J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology