Author(s): Brando ML, Cardoso SH, Melo LL, Motta V, Coimbra NC
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Abstract It has been shown that the gradual increase in the intensity of electrical stimulation of the dorsal periaqueductal gray (DPAG), deep layers of the superior colliculus (DLSC) and inferior colliculus of rats induces, in a progressive manner, characteristic aversive responses such as arousal, freezing, and escape behavior. The DPAG-DLSC together with the periventricular gray substance of the diencephalon, amygdala and the inferior colliculus, constitute the neural substrate of aversion in the brain. In general, the behavioral responses induced by midbrain tectum stimulation are accompanied by increases in the mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration. Both the behavioral and autonomic consequences of electrical stimulation of the mesencephalic tectum have been shown to be attenuated by minor tranquilizers, probably through enhancement of GABAergic neurotransmission. Besides GABAergic mechanisms several lines of evidence have clearly implicated opioid, serotonergic, and excitatory amino acids-mediated mechanisms in the control of the neural substrates commanding defensive behavior in the brain aversive system.
This article was published in Neurosci Biobehav Rev
and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation